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What is PRP?

PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) is a treatment for joint, muscle, and tendon injuries and inflammation using the patient’s own concentrated platelets. First, the patient’s blood is collected and processed to separate out harmful cells. What’s left is healthy plasma with growth factors, which are important for healing. When this PRP is injected into the injured area, it helps speed up cell repair by 50% compared to other treatments. This makes cell therapy a good option for pain relief and recovery after injuries to bones, joints, tendons, and muscles. However, it’s necessary to get this treatment under a doctor’s guidance.

This minimally invasive treatment option is particularly beneficial for patients seeking alternatives to surgery, offering effective pain relief and aiding in overcoming joint conditions through targeted injection techniques that stimulate immune repair mechanisms and provide essential building blocks for tissue repair.

Diseases Cured by PRP Therapy

These are some of the diseases cured by PRP therapy

  1. Muscle inflammation
  •   Posterior thigh muscles
  • Calf muscles
  • Quadriceps muscles
  1. Tendon and ligament injuries
  • Gluteal tendons
  • Inflamed or partially torn ligament
  • Torn knee ligament
  • Inflamed knee ligament
  • Injured knee ligament
  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Posterior knee tendonitis
  • Adductor tendonitis
  • Hip tendonitis
  • Shoulder tendonitis or torn ligament
  1. Muscular and fascial issues
  • Torn muscle ligament or inflamed muscular fascia
  • Strained muscle
  1. Joint problems
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Ankle injury
  • Degenerative and inflamed joints
  • Knee osteoarthritis and inflamed, torn meniscus, patella
  • Hip osteoarthritis and inflamed shoulder joins
  1. Others
  • Injured elbow bone
  • Sprained ankle

PRP therapy can be beneficial for treating a wide range of conditions related to muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and fascia.

How Does It Work?

PRP, or Platelet-Rich Plasma therapy, involves extracting a patient’s blood, and separating platelets and plasma. The platelets concentrated in plasma are then injected back into the targeted area, such as a knee joint. Platelets contain growth factors that stimulate tissue regeneration and repair. When injected into an injured or damaged area, PRP promotes healing by triggering the body’s natural healing processes.

In the case of knee pain, PRP injections can help reduce inflammation, alleviate pain, and improve mobility. The growth factors released from platelets stimulate the production of new collagen and other healing factors, strengthening and repairing damaged tissues. Additionally, PRP injections can also attract stem cells to the site, further enhancing the healing process.

With PRP, pain reduction is noticeable one month post-injection, with optimal outcomes observed at the six-month mark.

It’s important to note that PRP therapy differs from platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections and stem cell therapy, as those treatments involve using elements derived from the patient’s own blood. PRP therapy carries a slightly higher risk compared to PRP or stem cell therapy but is generally considered safe with minimal risks. Additionally, PRP therapy stands apart from cortisone injections, which focus on symptom management rather than promoting actual tissue healing.

PRP Mechanism in Treating Knee Osteoarthritis

PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) therapy works for knee osteoarthritis treatment by leveraging the healing and growth properties of concentrated platelets in plasma. Upon injection into the knee joint capsule, PRP delivers a concentrated dose of platelets to the site, requiring healing. Platelets contain growth factors that play a crucial role in tendon healing and regeneration. By directing these growth factors to the affected area, PRP helps reduce inflammation and stimulate the healing process. 

This targeted approach addresses the underlying factors contributing to knee osteoarthritis, such as damaged cartilage and inflammation. Over time, PRP can improve joint function, reduce pain, and enhance overall mobility. The treatment’s success often hinges on the patient’s response to the therapy, with noticeable improvements typically observed over a series of sessions spaced out according to the healthcare provider’s recommendations.

How Many Sessions Are Required for PRP Therapy?

PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) treatment typically involves 2 to 3 sessions, spaced approximately 3 to 4 weeks apart, as advised by the doctor. The intervals allow for optimal healing and response to the injections. Improvement in symptoms or conditions targeted by PRP is often noticeable starting from the third week after each session, gradually progressing with subsequent treatments. This protocol aims to harness the regenerative properties of PRP effectively, promoting tissue repair and regeneration over a series of treatments while allowing adequate time for the body to respond positively to the therapy.

Post Recovery Care

Post-recovery care following PRP therapy is crucial for optimal healing and outcomes. Refrain from applying ice or heat to the injection site for the first 72 hours post-procedure. After 10 days, you can use ice for 20 minutes every 2-3 hours if needed.

Do not take hot baths or visit saunas for a few days post-procedure, and avoid baths entirely for the first 24 hours after treatment. Steer clear of strenuous activities and exercises for three days after the procedure. Afterward, avoid high-impact exercises and heavy lifting.

Limit these substances for two days before and after treatment.

Maintain cleanliness dryness, and cover the injection site with a Band-Aid for 12 to 24 hours post-procedure. Drink plenty of water to promote healing.

Consume nutritious meals with a focus on protein to support the healing process. Take Tylenol 1000 mg every 8 hours as needed for pain relief.

You can visit Dr. Manohar Kanwaria for personalized recommendations and advice.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is the typical course of treatment with PRP Therapy?

The number of PRP Therapy sessions required can vary depending on the condition being treated and the individual’s response to treatment. Typically, a series of injections are administered over several weeks to months.

  1. What are the potential benefits of PRP Therapy?

The potential benefits of PRP Therapy include reduced pain, improved joint function, enhanced tissue healing, and decreased reliance on medications or other invasive treatments. It is also considered a minimally invasive procedure with low risk.

  1. Are there any risks or side effects associated with PRP Therapy?

Common risks or side effects of PRP Therapy may include temporary discomfort at the injection site, bruising, swelling, or infection. Serious complications are rare but can include allergic reactions or damage to surrounding structures if not performed correctly.

  1. Can PRP Therapy prevent the need for surgery?

In some cases, PRP Therapy can help alleviate pain and improve function to the extent that surgery may not be necessary. However, the effectiveness of PRP Therapy in preventing surgery depends on the individual’s condition, response to treatment, and the recommendation of their healthcare provider.

  1. How does PRP Therapy differ from traditional Therapy?

PRP Therapy involves using a concentrated solution of the patient’s own platelets, which contain growth factors that can accelerate healing. Traditional Therapy typically uses a dextrose solution to stimulate tissue repair.

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